Xenophobia is defined as an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers, or of that which is foreign or strange. In a South African context, it is a prejudice against people from different countries, specifically other African countries. Prejudice tends to be against a foreign culture rather than a particular race – perpetrators may belong to the same race. Xenophobia often results in violent attacks.
Sadly, South Africa has a long history of xenophobia. The most recent severe attacks took place in 2008 and 2015. The 2008 attacks resulted in 56 deaths, thousands of migrants being displaced and foreign shops being looted. The 2015 attacks resulted in 7 deaths and thousands more displaced foreign nationals.